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MENTAL HEALTH DISORDER AMONG POST FLOOD VICTIMS IN PAHANG

Idayu Badilla, Sharifa Ezat Wan Puteh, Rozita Hod, Azmawati Mohammed Nawi, Izzah Syazwani Ahmad, Chamhuri Siwar, Mohd Raihan Taha

Abstract


Introduction: Flood is a common annual phenomenon in many parts of Malaysia. However, during the past decades, it has been occurring with increasing severity and impact. Objectives: This study aims to estimate the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among flood victims in affected districts (i.e. Pekan, Kuantan and Temerloh) in Pahang, Malaysia during the 2014 massive flood event. Methods: In this study Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ) was used to assess PTSD among respondents. Questionnaires were given via face to face interview. A total 602 respondents were involved in this study. Results: Thirty three respondents (5.5%) were screened to have PTSD and was significantly associated with living in urban areas (p=0.024; OR=0.441, 95%CI: 0.213-0.915), having co morbidities (p=0.034; OR=2.652; 95%CI: 1.039-6.765) and experiencing four and more symptoms of PTSD (p<0.0001; OR=3.767; 95%CI= 1.831-7.749). Conclusions: The risk of PTSD among victims of the severe flooding in Pahang 2014 was low when compared to other studies. In view of these findings, it is suggested to early screening and intervention post flood to detect symptoms of psychiatric disorder is needed with the aim of providing intervention to the flood victims.


Keywords


Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, flood, victims, Pahang

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