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Validation Of The Malay Version Of The Sources Of Social Support Scale Among Malaysian Cancer Patients

Mohammad Farris Iman Leong Bin Abdullah, Rohayu Hami, Nizuwan Azman, Noorsuzana Mohd Shariff, Gokula Kumar Appalanaido, Siti Shahanis Md Sharif


Objective: It is important to investigate the association between spousal support and psychology of cancer patients, thus a validated instrument to measure the degree of perceived spousal support is required. We translated and evaluated the psychometric properties of the Sources of Social Support Scale-Malay version (SSSS-Malay) among Malaysian cancer patients.

Methods: In this study, the SSSS-Malay and Hope Scale-Malay [used to compare with the SSSS-Malay to assess discriminant validity] were administered to 195 Malaysian cancer patients during baseline assessment. The SSSS-Malay was re-administered 2 months after the baseline assessment during follow-up.

Results: The SSSS-Malay total score (Cronbach’s α = 0.70, intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.72) and its domains (Cronbach’s α  ranging from 0.70 to 0.83, intraclass correlation coefficient ranging from 0.6 to 0.76) exhibited good internal consistencies and good test-retest reliability. The SSSS-Malay also demonstrated good convergent and discriminant validities. However, confirmatory factor analysis of the SSSS-Malay showed that it was best fit into a 3-factor model instead of the 4-factor model of the original English version.

Conclusion: The SSSS-Malay demonstrated good psychometric properties for use in Malaysian cancer patients.

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Perceived Spousal Support; Malaysian Cancer Patients; Source Of Social Support Scale-Malay; Validity; Reliability

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