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Decreasing Depression By Improving The Level Of Self-Esteem In A Tennis Training Program For Female University Students

Korkmaz YiÄŸiter, James T Hardee


Objectives: In general, sports activities can improve the psychological, physical and cognitive conditions of people. Therefore, the aim of this study is to decrease depression by improving the level of self-esteem of female university students in a regular tennis training program.

Methods: A total of 60 students participated in the study and were randomly assigned to an experimental and control group. Beck Depression Inventory and Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale were used to determine the participants’ scores of depression and self-esteem respectively. A two-way repeated measure analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the two groups.

Results: Participants in the intervention group took part in the tennis training program improved in self-esteem and reported significantly less depression compared with the control group. Post-test results confirmed the effectiveness of a tennis training program in decreasing depression and improving self-esteem levels of the university students.

Conclusions: This study highlights the effectiveness of a relatively safe and inexpensive tennis program to improve mental health. 

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Psychology; depression; self-esteem; tennis training; exercise

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