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Anxiety And Depressive Symptoms And Health-Related Quality Of Life Status Among Patients With Cancer In Terengganu, Malaysia

Lua Pei Lin, Wong Sok Yee, Neni Widiasmoro Selamat


This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms , to examine their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profiles and to determine the predictors on overall HRQoL. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Hospital Sultanah Nur Zahirah, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. The Malay Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MMQoL) were administered to a sample of 150 cancer patients (mean age = 50.4 years). Chi-square test, correlation and multiple regression were utilised for data analysis.

The prevalence for mild anxiety and depressive symptoms was 30.7% and 23.3% respectively. The HADS-A correlated strongest with Total MMQoL Score (r = - 0.578) and Psychological Well-Being (r = -0.526). Only HADS-A (beta = - 0.486), and HADS-D (beta = -0.173) were significant in predicting overall health-related quality of life.

Findings in our study indicated that the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in Terengganu cancer patients are moderate. If anxiety and depression are identified and treated, health-related quality of life among oncology patients appropriately could significantly be improved. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol.12(1): Jan - June 2011: XX XX