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Anxiety And Depressive Symptoms And Health-Related Quality Of Life Status Among Patients With Cancer In Terengganu, Malaysia

Lua Pei Lin, Wong Sok Yee, Neni Widiasmoro Selamat

Abstract


Objective:
This study was aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms , to examine their association with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) profiles and to determine the predictors on overall HRQoL. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Hospital Sultanah Nur Zahirah, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia. The Malay Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and McGill Quality of Life Questionnaire (MMQoL) were administered to a sample of 150 cancer patients (mean age = 50.4 years). Chi-square test, correlation and multiple regression were utilised for data analysis.

Results:
The prevalence for mild anxiety and depressive symptoms was 30.7% and 23.3% respectively. The HADS-A correlated strongest with Total MMQoL Score (r = - 0.578) and Psychological Well-Being (r = -0.526). Only HADS-A (beta = - 0.486), and HADS-D (beta = -0.173) were significant in predicting overall health-related quality of life.

Conclusion:
Findings in our study indicated that the prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms in Terengganu cancer patients are moderate. If anxiety and depression are identified and treated, health-related quality of life among oncology patients appropriately could significantly be improved. ASEAN Journal of Psychiatry, Vol.12(1): Jan - June 2011: XX XX

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